Top 10 most endangered animals. Endangered animals are those species of animal family that are in danger of going extinct In near future. Their reproductive rates are lower than their death rates over long periods of time, so their numbers are constantly decreasing.
Various reasons contribute to this situation, however, the most common one is the destruction of habitat of the specific specie as people encroach on their living areas either for settlement or for other reasons like exploration of minerals etc.
Top 10 most endangered animals in the world according to data:
1-South China Tiger:
In the list of top 10 most endangered animals in the world, functionally extinct, this specie of tigers has not been sighted in the wild for more than 25 years. In 1950’s their population was estimated to be around 4000 individuals however, they were extensively hunt down in later on years and by 1996 their number was reduced to only 30-80 individuals.
Silky sifaka, a large lemur, is confined to a small region of northeastern Madagascar within a strip of humid forest. Its total population is estimated to be in between 100 – 1000 individuals, while the number of mature individuals is thought to be less than 250. There are no silky sifakas in any zoo around the globe.
An interesting thing about Silky sifaka is that it mates only one day a year during the start of the rainy season sometime in December or January. Infants are born six months later in June or July.
3-Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Dolphin)
According to the 2006 survey, Yangtze fin-less porpoise population has declined to a mere 1,000 individuals, making the endangered species, even rare than the wild giant panda. It is mainly found in the mainstream of Yangtze River, longest river of China and third longest river of world. According to few other researches the Yangtze finless porpoise will be vanished maximum up to 2025. It is famous for its mischievous smile and has a level of intelligence similar to that of a gorilla.
4-Namdapha flying squirrel:
This endangered flying squirrel found in India. It was located first time in 1981 and since then no population estimates are available for it. It has been considered as among the most endangered specie due to habitat loss. In addition it is hunted for food, and or fur.
5-Cross River Gorillas:
Though it is very difficult to make the estimate of remaining gorillas because of their solitude nature and inhabiting the most dense and difficult to reach areas in the jungles. However, through different signs like nests etc it has been estimated by scientists that currently only 200 – 300 of these gorillas are left on the earth. They are currently present as groups in the regions of Cameroon and Nigeria. Human settlement expansions and cutting down the forests is the main reason of their decreasing population. They are at number 5 in our group of top 10 most endangered animals in the world.
They are named so because of their peculiar nature of their back which is soft leather like unlike usual extremely hard backs of other turtles. They are distinct size wise also as they are the largest sea turtles with high migration rates. They travel across whole of Atlantic and Pacific for feeding. They are considered to be very ancient as they are roaming in our seas for the last 100 million years. Intense egg collection and fishnets pose the serious threat to the growth of these turtles currently.
Discovered only about two decades ago, in May 1992,in the jungles of Vietnam, it is considered to be a remarkable event in the biology as it is the only new large mammal to be discovered during last 50 years. Usually known as Asian Unicorn, very little is known to the scientists about this animal as it has only been sighted for a total of four times in the natural habitat. It is not present in any zoo etc anywhere and it is already endangered. At present, there are no population estimates for Saola so its population could range from few hundreds to few thousands.
8-Black Footed Ferret:
Black Footed Ferret were once considered to be globally extinct however, thanks to the vigorous efforts of different organizations with the help of national bodies and zoos during last thirty years, ferrets are growing in number now and currently their population stands around 1000 in north American region. Loss of habitat and sylvatic plague are the biggest threats to the growth and survival of ferrets.
Though the cruel massacre of African Black Rhino was started by the Colonists in the beginning of 20th century, more than 90% of African Black Rhinos were hunted down between 1970 and 1992. Due to huge demand of their peculiar horns in the Asians markets, a sharp hike of 50% increase of the rhino killing was observed last year as compared to the year 2011. Current global population of Black Rhinos is estimated to be less than 5000 individuals.
With their current global population estimated to be less than 30 individuals, the Amur leopards are ranked as one of the most endangered species of the world by WWF. Extremely fast, with the ability to run at speeds of up to 37 miles/hour, they have adapted to the living conditions of the northern temperate forests. It can jump for about 19 feet in the forward direction and 10 feet high. In natural habitat they don’t survive for more than 15 years. We are placing this specie of animal at number one in list of top 10 most endangered animals in the world.